Board of Directors
The Board of Directors has ultimate responsibility for supervising the top-level operational management personnel of the Comet Group. The Board sets the Group’s strategic goals and the guidelines for organizational structure and financial planning.
Composition of the Board of Directors of Comet Holding AG
On December 31, 2017 the Board of Directors of Comet Holding AG had the following six members:
Secretary of the Board of Directors (since 2010) and non-member of the Board:
Ines Najorka, Vice President of Corporate Communications.
Additional information on the members of the Board of Directors
The information below outlines the education, significant professional experience and current position of each Board member. Where a place name is not followed by a country or state, the country is Switzerland.
(b. 1955, Swiss citizen)
Dipl. Werkstoffingenieur (master’s) degree in materials science from Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich; MBA from University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA
1981 to 1983: development engineer at Sulzer AG, Winterthur; 1983 to 1988: head of PUR business unit, Huber & Suhner AG, Pfäffikon; 1989 to 1993: head of Medicinal and Stereo Microscopy, director, Leica AG, Heerbrugg; 1993 to 1996: president of Optronics division, Leica AG, Heerbrugg; 1996 to 2005: CEO of Leica Geosystems AG, Heerbrugg; since 2006: president of Hanesco AG, International Management Consulting, Pfäffikon
Lucas A. Grolimund
(b. 1966, Swiss citizen)
Dipl. Elektroingenieur master’s degree in electrical engineering from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich; M.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA; MBA from INSEAD, Fontainebleau, France
1995 to 2000: McKinsey & Company, Zurich; 2000 to 2003: CFO of Gate Gourmet Group, Opfikon; 2003 to 2007: CEO of Schlatter Holding AG, Schlieren; 2007 to 2009: CEO of Cicor Technologies, Boudry; since 2009: independent consultant
(b. 1957, Swiss citizen)
Dipl. Phys. master’s degree in physics from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich and Dr. sc. nat. doctorate in physics from ETH, Zurich
1987 to 2002: IBM Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon; 2002: IBM Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY; 2003 to 2004: research manager, Photonics Networks, IBM Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon; 2004 to 2008: research functional manager, Science and Technology, IBM Almaden Research Center, San José, CA; 2008 to 2009: director of tape storage solutions, IBM, Tucson, AZ; since September 2009: CEO of Empa (the Swiss Materials Science & Technology Laboratory) and professor of photonics at the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology (ETH and EPF), Zurich and Lausanne
(b. 1973, Swiss citizen)
Lic. iur. degree in law from University of Zurich; Dr. iur. doctorate in competition law from University of Zurich
Partner at the law firm Bär & Karrer AG, Zurich, with a focus on mergers and acquisitions and advising of listed companies
(b. 1965, Swiss citizen)
Dipl. Ing. Agr. master’s degree in agronomy from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
1993 to 1997: McKinsey & Company, Zurich; 1997 to 1998: member of executive management of Coop Switzerland; 1998 to 2001: CFO of Hero AG and Hero Group; since 2001: independent consultant and partner at Ceres Capital AG; from 2014 was CEO and since 2017 is chairman of H2 Energy AG, Zurich
(b. 1955, German citizen)
Dipl. Ing. master's degree in physics from Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, Germany; doctorate in mechanical engineering from Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany
1985 to 1988: researcher at Carl Zeiss, Oberkochen, Germany; 1988 to 1990: researcher at Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology, Aachen, Germany; 1990 to 2004: various positions at Süss MicroTec, Garching, Germany, including CEO from 1998 to 2004 and again since fall 2016; 2005 to 2007: president of Semiconductor Equipment segment, Unaxis, OC Oerlikon, Pfäffikon; from 2007: CEO and co-founder of Thin Materials, Eichenau, Germany
Operational management functions
At the reporting date of December 31, 2017, none of the members of the Board of Directors had operational management responsibilities in the Comet Group. In the three years immediately preceding the year under review, none of the current Board members was a member of the Executive Committee of the Comet Group.
Related party transactions
The Board members had no material business relationships with the Comet Group.
Activities and interests outside the Group
Section 27 of the Bylaws, which have been revised for compliance with the OAEC and approved by the Shareholder Meeting, specifies the allowable number of other, external positions that members of the Board of Directors may hold on top management or supervisory bodies, as follows:
At December 31, 2017 the members of the Board of Directors had the following positions on top management or supervisory bodies of significant Swiss and foreign private sector and public sector companies, institutions and foundations:
Member of the board, Burckhardt Compression Holding AG, Winterthur; chairman of the board, Reichle & De-Massari Holding AG, Wetzikon; member of the board, dormakaba Holding AG, Rümlang; president, Swissmem (the trade association of the Swiss mechanical and electrical engineering industries); vice president, economiesuisse (the Swiss business federation)
Member of the board, Bobst Group SA, Mexico; chairman of the board, Technopark Zürich Foundation; chairman, Swiss Technopark Allianz; chairman, glaTec technology center, Dübendorf; member of the board, Zurich Innovation Park foundation; member of the board, Bundesanstalt für Materialien (BAM, German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing), Berlin; member, International Advisory Board, National Institute for Material Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Japan
Member of the board, ADUNIC AG, Frauenfeld; member of the board, The Schörling Foundation, Lucerne
Chief executive officer, Süss MicroTec SE, Garching, Germany; member of the board, Meyer Burger Technology AG, Thun; chairman of the board of trustees, Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM, Berlin, Germany; chairman of the board, Scint-X Technologies AB, Kista, Sweden; member of the board, Siltronic AG, Munich, Germany (until April 19, 2018)
Board elections and terms
Under the Bylaws of Comet Holding AG, its Board of Directors must have at least five members. The Board members are elected by the Annual Shareholder Meeting for a one-year term. They are individually elected when standing for election or re-election. The Shareholder Meeting also elects one member of the Board of Directors as the Chairman of the Board, and elects the members of the Nomination & Compensation Committee.
The term of office ends at the conclusion of the next Annual Shareholder Meeting. Re-election for consecutive terms is permitted. If elections are held during a term to replace or add Board members, the newly elected members serve for the remainder of the current term.
The maximum age for membership on the Board is 70 years. Every Board member must retire from the Board on the day of the Annual Shareholder Meeting held in the year in which he or she reaches 70 years of age.
The Bylaws are in accordance with the legal requirements of the OAEC.
Except for the election of the Board Chairman and the members of the Compensation Committee by the Shareholder Meeting, the Board of Directors constitutes itself at its first meeting after its election or re-election by the Shareholder Meeting. The Board appoints its Vice Chairman, the members of the other Board committees and the Board Secretary. The Secretary need not be a member of the Board. The Board meets at the invitation of the meeting’s chairman as often as business requires, or when requested by a Board member in writing for a stated purpose. The Board has a quorum when the majority of members are present.
The Board passes its resolutions and performs its elections by an absolute majority of votes cast. In the event of an equality of votes, the chairman of the meeting has the casting vote. Resolutions on a motion may alternatively be reached in writing if no Board member objects to this method. Minutes must be kept of the deliberations and resolutions and be signed by the meeting chairman and the Board Secretary. The minutes are submitted to the Board for approval at its next meeting. The Bylaws are in accordance with the legal requirements of the OAEC.
Functioning of the full Board of Directors
The Board of Directors as a rule convenes for a regular meeting every two months. Additional meetings or telephone conferences are held as needed. Depending on the business at hand, the Board meetings are between half a day and a full day in length.
A total of seven regular meetings of the full Board were held in the year under review. Besides several telephone conferences of the full Board, there were also meetings of the Board committees, which are normally half a day in length.
The Board of Directors is regularly kept informed of the course of business by the CEO and CFO at its meetings and is also briefed on an ad hoc basis as needed. Other members of the Executive Committee, other management staff and specialists of the Comet Group regularly attend Board meetings to report on particular projects in their area of responsibility. As well, external advisors are consulted as required to deal with specific matters. The Board receives monthly written financial reports on the current business performance.
In fiscal year 2017 the Board committees had the following members:
Every committee normally consists of at least two members of the Board. The members of the Nomination & Compensation Committee (NCC) are elected anew every year by the Annual Shareholder Meeting. The members of the other committees are elected by the Board from among the Board members for a term of one year. Every committee normally meets at least twice per year, or as often as business requires. The reports to the full Board are made orally or in writing as required.
The committees’ principal function is to prepare decision support for the full Board in special subject areas. At the regular meetings or as required, the full Board is kept informed of the activities of the individual committees. The overall responsibility for the tasks assigned to the committees remains with the full Board, which decides as a body on all proposals.
Nomination & Compensation Committee
The Nomination & Compensation Committee is made up of two members of the Board, who are elected to the Committee yearly by the Annual Shareholder Meeting. In the year under review these members were Rolf Huber (chairman) and Mariel Hoch.
The term of office is one year. Re-election for consecutive terms is permitted. The NCC prepares all agenda items related to the nomination and compensation of Board members and Executive Committee members. The NCC itself does not make decisions, but prepares proposals for the approval of the full Board of Directors. The Committee has the following responsibilities in particular:
Additional responsibilities may be assigned to the Committee as required. The Nomination & Compensation Committee convenes for at least two regular meetings per year. The NCC may hold additional meetings at its discretion. The Committee may invite other Board members, Executive Committee members and specialists to its meetings as required.
In the year under review the Committee held three meetings, all of which were attended by both members of the Committee. The meetings were also partly or fully attended, in an advisory role, by the CEO and the Chief Human Resources Officer.
The Audit Committee supports the full Board in exercising oversight of accounting and financial reporting and in monitoring compliance with legal requirements. The Committee has the following responsibilities in particular:
During the fiscal year, two meetings were held by the Audit Committee. They were attended by the external auditors, internal audit, the CEO and the Chief Financial Officer (CFO). The Committee may invite other Board members, Executive Committee members and specialists to its meetings as required.
The Technology Committee provides support to the full Board in matters of technology. The Committee has the following responsibilities in particular:
The Committee meets as often as business requires. During the year under review the Technology Committee held two meetings. In the year, the appraisal of technology sector developments, as well as the development measures taken by the Group, were regularly discussed with the segment presidents in the course of the Board’s scheduled meetings. Additionally, a group-wide Science Day was held under the leadership of Gian-Luca Bona.
Division of authority
The Board of Directors is responsible for the overall direction and management of the Group and for the supervision of its most senior operational management. The non-delegable and inalienable duties of the Board of Directors are established by section 716a of the Swiss Code of Obligations. The Board’s specific responsibilities and scope of authority are set out in the Company’s organizational regulations (its Management Organization Manual). In particular, the Board of Directors has the authority to:
The Board of Directors has delegated all day-to-day management of the Group to the CEO and the Executive Committee, except as otherwise required by law or the Company’s Bylaws. The CEO and Executive Committee have the necessary powers to execute the business strategy within the framework set by the Board of Directors. In particular, the CEO has the authority to:
Monitoring and control with respect to the Executive Committee
The Chairman of the Board may attend the meetings of the Executive Committee and receives the minutes of all its meetings. The Board also receives regular reports on the course of business from the Executive Committee at Board meetings. In the case of extraordinary events, the Executive Committee informs the Board immediately. The CEO and CFO attend all regular meetings of the Board. At least one to two times per year, in the context of Board meetings, the other members of the Executive Committee also report to the Board on their business area.
Management information system
The monthly financial reporting by the Executive Committee on the current course of business and important transactions gives the full Board of Directors the information needed to properly discharge its responsibilities. The standardized internal reporting of the Comet Group consists of the IFRS-based consolidated balance sheet, statement of income and cash flow statement, as well as detailed management reporting. Complementing the monthly consolidated financial statements and a comprehensive range of financial ratios, the management reporting presents and comments upon additional information such as new orders and order backlog, staffing levels and accounts past due, provided in table and chart form. This data is presented by segment and on a consolidated basis for the Group and is compared to the prior year and the rolling forecast. The resulting insights and actions are discussed monthly by the Executive Committee. All monthly financial statements are submitted to the Board of Directors, which discusses them at its meetings.
As a longer-term control tool, a rolling multi-year plan is prepared annually for the subsequent three years. In addition, every quarter, management generates a rolling forecast for the following five quarters.
These forward-looking control tools, which are accompanied by detailed commentary and documented with charts, enable the Board to continually evaluate the financial effectiveness of the adopted business strategy and then to take action if and as required.
Since 2006 the internal audit function is performed on a consulting basis by Robert Kruijswijk, who is based in Elgg, Switzerland. His compensation is determined by the amount of work performed. In the year under review, Robert Kruijswijk carried out various special audits at a number of locations. The reporting is based on the audit priorities newly approved by the Board annually. The nature of the coordination and cooperation between the internal audit function and the external audit firm, complete with the identification of the respective responsibilities, has been specified in writing and approved by the Board.
Key audit priorities in the fiscal year included all processes in the finance, IT and human resources departments in the USA and Germany. As well, a report was prepared on how legal matters are addressed in the Comet Group. In the USA, audit activities were conducted on all processes of the two x-ray segments, IXS and IXM. In Switzerland, the R&D functions and life cycle management of the three segments based in Flamatt were audited.
The internal auditor reports directly to the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, at least twice per year and more frequently as required. On completion of each special audit, an audit report is prepared and is discussed with the Executive Committee and the national lead personnel responsible (typically the local company presidents responsible for the relevant business) and/or the persons directly affected by the audit, in order to initiate the implementation of the planned measures. The internal auditor then prepares a final audit report for the Board of Directors, with a corresponding action plan.
Risk management system
Risk management includes the annual evaluation of strategy by the Board and the assessment by the Executive Committee of insurance cover, of the general business risks and of the major balance sheet items. The approach to risk management is described in a risk strategy approved by the Board and is specified in a written risk management procedure for implementation by the Executive Committee. Under the direction of the CFO, the significant risks in the individual business areas and departments are identified in quarterly working group sessions and systematically described and categorized in a risk matrix. The risks are assessed using a risk rating based on the probability of occurrence and the potential severity of loss, as well as by calculating potential absolute financial risk. For the risks classified as important, action plans are formulated to minimize the probability and/or potential severity of loss. The Executive Committee of the Comet Group normally meets twice per year to review the effectiveness of the actions taken and to regularly update the description of existing risks in the risk portfolio so as to reflect new information and formally recognize new risks. Newly identified risks are added to the portfolio and action plans are formulated to manage them. In the year under review the Executive Committee held two meetings on risk management, which were also attended by the head of Corporate Quality, Risk & Process Management. Through separate reports, the Audit Committee at each of its meetings is kept advised of the current assessment of the Group’s risks.
Internal control system
In the fiscal year, where required, the Comet Group further expanded, trained or documented the existing system of internal control (the "internal control system"). The internal control system is in use at all levels of the enterprise and in all significant locations.
The significant risks and controls are in accordance with the objectives and quality requirements established by the Board of Directors. The staff members responsible for the internal control system have been designated Group-wide, the employees involved have been trained and the control functions clearly assigned. The controls have been integrated in day-to-day operations and are periodically tested for effectiveness, verifiability of implementation, and efficiency. This approach ensures that risks are detected at an early stage and that the necessary countermeasures can be taken swiftly thanks to the internal controls. The introduction of a uniform, systematic process for risk detection and assessment has enhanced the reliability and completeness of bookkeeping and the timeliness and dependability of financial reporting.
In the year-end audit, the independent auditor audits the internal control system of the Comet Group in terms of risks related to financial reporting and provides a report on the findings to the Board’s Audit Committee.